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The South African War, sometimes called the Boer War or Anglo-Boer War, was the first major conflict of a century that was to be marked by wars on an international scale. It demonstrated the inadequacy of 19th century military methods and raised issues of whether conscription should be brought in and the use of concentration camps.
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The South African Wars, including (and commonly referred to as) the Confederation Wars, were a series of wars that occurred in the southern portion of the African continent between 1879 and 1915. Ethnic, political, and social tensions between European colonial powers and indigenous Africans led to increasing hostilities, culminating in a series of wars and revolts, which had lasting repercussions on the entire region. A key factor behind the growth of these tensions was the pursuit of commerce and resources, both by countries and individuals, especially following the discoveries of diamonds in the region in 1867 and gold in 1862.
These wars took place in the home of the native Northern Sotho's. There were three separate campaigns against Sekhukhune, Paramount King of Bapedi i.e., the First Sekhukhune War of 1876 conducted by the Boers, and the two separate campaigns of the Second Sekhukhune War of 1876-1879 conducted by the British. Sekhukhune considered Sekhukhuneland to be independent and not subject to the Transvaal Republic and refused to allow miners from the Pilgrim's Rest goldfields to prospect on his side of the Steelpoort River.
The first series of wars, the "Confederation Wars" in the late 1870s and early 1880s, were due in large part to the Confederation plan of the British Colonial Secretary, the Earl of Carnarvon, and the disastrous attempts to enforce it. This scheme was intended to forge the diverse states of southern Africa into one single British-controlled federation. This was strongly resisted by the Cape Colony, the Boer republics, and the independent African States. The Anglo-Zulu War and First Anglo-Boer War resulted from these attempts at annexation, while the Gun War and Ngcayechibi's War were caused in part by the imposition of new federation-inspired policies on the Cape and its neighbors.
One of the major players in the South African economy was Cecil Rhodes. Rhodes helped to create the British South Africa Company as well as De Beers Mining Corporation. Rhodes used his power and influences through these companies to promote the expansion of the British Empire as well as his own business interests. Expansion of the empire was not received well by the non-British parties living in the area. Through economic means, the British attempted to expand their empire into Boer areas which ultimately led to a series of wars in South Africa.
The Zulu originated from the Nguni clans which moved down the east African coast during the Bantu migrations. The Zulu tribe traditionally resided in the Natal province on the eastern side of South Africa. The Zulu were involved in two major wars. They fought against the British colonials in the Anglo-Zulu War in 1879. The Zulu were eventually overpowered by superior British technology. The Anglo-Zulu war resulted in the absorption of traditional Zululand into the British Cape Colony. The second conflict also involved Zulu and British colonials. Bambatha, a leader of the Zondi clan led a rebellion against British authority in the Natal province. The rebellion was suppressed by British colonial forces.
The mining magnate and British imperialist Cecil Rhodes brought about the second wave of the South African Wars, through his desire to control the continent and its diamond and gold resources. Rhodes first gained power through his control of the mining industries. He was the founder of the Diamond Company De Beers, which today markets 40% of the world's rough diamonds and at one time marketed 90%. He used his power in the diamond fields to get elected to parliament and finally, in 1890, he succeeded in becoming Prime Minister of the Cape Colony. He then implemented laws that would benefit mine and industry owners. He introduced the Glen Grey Act to push black people from their lands and make way for industrial development. Rhodes desired control over the Boer Republic of the Transvaal, where the gold mines were located. He launched the Matabele wars, to encircle the Boer republics. Then in 1895 he engineered the infamous Jameson Raid into the Transvaal. The raid failed, and ended in humiliation, but this skirmish eventually led to the Second Anglo-Boer War. Through his conquests inland, Rhodes was also the founder of Rhodesia which later became Zambia and Zimbabwe.
By considering the emergence and threat of African Swine Fever (ASF) in Europe, this paper demonstrates the growing role of veterinary rationales in reframing contemporary human-wild boar coexistence. Through comparative ethnographies of human-wild boar relations in the Czech Republic, Spain and England, it shows that coexistence is not a predictable and steady process but is also demarked by points of radical change in form, course and atmosphere. Such moments, or wild boar events, can lead to the (re-)formation or magnified influence of certain discourses, practices and power relations in determining strategies of bio-governance. Specifically, this paper highlights how the spread of ASF in Europe has accelerated an already ongoing process of veterinarization, understood as the growing prominence of veterinary sciences in the mediation and reorganization of contemporary socioecologies. This example highlights how veterinary logics increasingly influence localized human-wildlife relations and, through analogous practices of biosecurity and control, also connect different places and geographic contexts.
Three weeks earlier, the biologist used a foul-smelling mixture of sour corn and yeast to capture a herd of six feral hogs in a corral-like trap. As the young boars and sows angrily rooted around the 20-foot-diameter wire-fence enclosure, Hill and his colleagues studied the herd carefully.
One reason hogs are so difficult to control can be seen in a series of black-and-white photos captured by a trail camera in rural Wayne County. The photos show a large boar that has just been captured in a corral-style trap.
MILLARD: He was an unabashed imperialist. He was fiercely proud of the British Empire, you know. And it was - it was enormous at that time. You know, they ruled over a quarter of the human race. It was something like 450 million people. It was more than - more than a fifth of the world's land surface, so it was huge, and there were constantly, as you can imagine, they were constantly putting down revolts everywhere around the world, in Egypt and Ireland and India. And so this gave him not only great pride for his nation but also boundless opportunities to go where the wars were and where he could get attention.
DAVIES: You know, one is tempted to say the rest is history because, I mean, Churchill was a - is a giant figure in the 20th-century history. But I'm - I'm wondering, you know, he was the prime minister in World War II who led England through one of its darkest times. You know, the embodiment of resolve, in a way. And I'm wondering if you think his experience in the Boer War and other wars informed his ability to lead the nation.
Finally, the Regiments of Renown for the Greenskin roster have been much improved: with stat upgrades across the board, and with the Krimzon Killers now being accurately portrayed as dual-axe infantry in their stats.
On the Battle side, the objective has been to bring them up to par with the Daemonic rosters. Given that both undead and daemonic units share the same leadership-based crumble mechanic, the disparity between daemonic and undead leadership values needed to be addressed. To that end, the vast majority of Vampire Counts units have seen a leadership boost across the board
Over the course of time many units have become generally under-tuned across the board and to resolve this most units have been tuned up depending upon their role within the roster. In particular, Ethereal units have been given a rework (due to the sheer number of magic attacks present in WARHAMMER III), with their huge physical resistance being reduced and replaced with significant health boosts. In addition, ethereal units all come with the frostbite contact effect (to represent their deathly touch) and their damage has been made exclusively armour piercing (except for the Banshees).
They are feral, elusive, nocturnal. They'll eat anything and live anywhere. The wild boar attacks livestock, destroys Billions in crops and creates hundreds-of-thousands for hunters and TV producers. The beast - and it is a beast at up to 100 kilos is an increasing problem in Manitoba Saskatchewan and Alberta. Today, we're looking at Boar Wars.
It isn't often that the TV program Pigman gets a star of Ted Nugent's stature -- so it must have been over the moon when he stepped in to fulfill God's plan for wild boar. Pigman airs on the Sportsman Channel in the United States, and frequently takes viewers on dangerous boar hunts. But sometimes they just shoot them from helicopters.
Mr. Nugent is at least partially right, boar hunters could move to Canada. There are plenty of feral pigs in this country and farmers would be grateful if they were removed. The boar eat crops, spread disease and kill livestock.
Bob Brickley is a rancher outside Moose Mountain Provincial Park in southeast Saskatchewan. He's part of a small group of local ranchers and hunters who hunt wild boar with the intent to eradicate them from the area.
Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Alberta are trying to deal with a rising feral pig population. Our next guest says we need to get a handle on just how many boars are out there, or we may never be able to eradicate them.
Ryan Brook is an Assistant Professor at the University of Saskatchewan's College of Agriculture. He's heading the first scientific survey of that province's wild boar population. He was in Saskatoon.