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Stravinsky's Histoire du Soldat Score PDF 21: An Analysis of the Musical Techniques and Styles Used by the Composer



- Thesis statement: Histoire du Soldat is a groundbreaking work that combines music, theater, dance and narration in a captivating story of a soldier who trades his violin for a book of wealth and power. H2: The Historical Context of Histoire du Soldat - The impact of World War I on Stravinsky and his collaborators - The influence of Russian folk tales and music on the plot and the score - The challenges of staging and performing the work in Switzerland during the war H2: The Musical Structure and Style of Histoire du Soldat - The instrumentation and the role of each instrument in the story - The use of polytonality, polymeter, ostinato and other musical techniques - The contrast between the classical and the jazz elements in the score H2: The Dramatic Elements and Themes of Histoire du Soldat - The characters and their motivations: the soldier, the devil, the princess, the narrator - The plot and its twists: the deal, the book, the violin, the three days, the return, the trap - The moral and philosophical messages: the value of freedom, happiness, love, art and faith H2: The Reception and Legacy of Histoire du Soldat - The critical and public response to the premiere and subsequent performances - The adaptations and variations of the work by other composers, directors and artists - The significance and relevance of the work in today's world H2: Conclusion - Summary of the main points - Restatement of the thesis statement - Call to action: invite readers to listen to or watch Histoire du Soldat H2: FAQs - What does PDF 21 mean in the title of the score? - Where can I find a free PDF download of the score? - How long is Histoire du Soldat? - Who wrote the libretto for Histoire du Soldat? - What are some other works by Stravinsky that are similar to Histoire du Soldat? # Article with HTML formatting Stravinsky's Histoire du Soldat Score PDF 21: A Masterpiece of Modern Music




If you are looking for a musical work that will challenge your ears, your mind and your emotions, you should definitely check out Stravinsky's Histoire du Soldat Score PDF 21. This is a masterpiece of modern music that combines music, theater, dance and narration in a captivating story of a soldier who trades his violin for a book of wealth and power.




stravinsky histoire du soldat score pdf 21



In this article, we will explore the historical context, the musical structure and style, the dramatic elements and themes, and the reception and legacy of this groundbreaking work. We will also answer some frequently asked questions about Stravinsky's Histoire du Soldat Score PDF 21. By the end of this article, you will have a deeper appreciation for this remarkable piece of art.


The Historical Context of Histoire du Soldat




Histoire du Soldat (The Soldier's Tale) was composed by Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971), one of the most influential composers of the 20th century. He collaborated with Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz (1878-1947), a Swiss writer who wrote the libretto (the text) for the work.


The work was conceived in 1917, during World War I. Stravinsky and Ramuz were both living in Switzerland at the time, as refugees from their respective countries (Russia and France). They wanted to create a work that could be performed by a small group of musicians and actors, in any venue, with minimal resources. They also wanted to express their feelings about the war and its impact on humanity.


They were inspired by Russian folk tales and music, especially the story of a soldier who sells his soul to the devil for a magic book. They adapted the story to fit their own vision and context, adding elements of satire, humor, romance and tragedy. They also incorporated musical styles from different cultures and genres, such as classical, jazz, ragtime, tango and waltz.


The work was completed in 1918, but its premiere was delayed until 1919, due to the difficulties of staging and performing it during the war. The first performance took place in Lausanne, Switzerland, on September 28, 1919. It was conducted by Ernest Ansermet (1883-1969), a Swiss conductor who was a friend and supporter of Stravinsky.


The Musical Structure and Style of Histoire du Soldat




Histoire du Soldat is scored for a septet of instruments: clarinet, bassoon, cornet, trombone, percussion, violin and double bass. Each instrument plays a specific role in the story, representing a character or a mood. For example, the clarinet is associated with the soldier, the violin with his soul, the cornet with the devil, and the percussion with the march and the dance.


The work is divided into two parts, each consisting of eight movements. The movements alternate between instrumental pieces and scenes with narration and dialogue. The narration is spoken by a narrator who introduces and comments on the action. The dialogue is spoken by the three main characters: the soldier, the devil and the princess.


The work uses various musical techniques to create contrast, tension and expression. One of these techniques is polytonality, which means using more than one key or tonal center at the same time. This creates a sense of dissonance and instability in the music. Another technique is polymeter, which means using more than one meter or time signature at the same time. This creates a sense of complexity and syncopation in the rhythm. A third technique is ostinato, which means repeating a short musical pattern over and over again. This creates a sense of continuity and drive in the music.


The work also blends different musical styles from different cultures and genres. For example, the opening movement (The Soldier's March) uses a Russian folk tune as its main theme. The second movement (The Soldier's Violin) uses a French folk song as its main theme. The third movement (Airs by a Stream) uses a Swiss folk song as its main theme. The fourth movement (The Royal March) uses a Baroque style as its main style. The fifth movement (The Little Concert) uses a classical style as its main style. The sixth movement (Three Dances) uses three different types of dance music: tango, waltz and ragtime. The seventh movement (The Devil's Dance) uses a jazz style as its main style. The eighth movement (The Great Chorale) uses a religious style as its main style.


The Dramatic Elements and Themes of Histoire du Soldat




Histoire du Soldat tells the story of a soldier who is returning home from war. On his way, he meets the devil disguised as an old man. The devil offers to buy his violin for a book that can tell the future and make him rich. The soldier agrees to trade his violin for the book, but he does not realize that he is also trading his soul for it.


The soldier follows the instructions in the book and becomes wealthy and powerful. However, he also becomes unhappy and restless. He longs for his home and his violin. He decides to go back to his village after three days of using the book. However, he does not know that three days in his world are equivalent to three years in the real world.


When he arrives at his village, he finds out that everything has changed. His mother is dead, his fiancee is married to someone else, and no one recognizes him. He feels lonely and lost. He meets the devil again, who tells him that he can regain his happiness if he marries a princess who is ill in a nearby castle.


The soldier goes to the castle and plays his violin for the princess. He manages to cure her with his music and falls in love with her. He also recovers his violin from the devil by tricking him into playing cards with him. He thinks he has finally found peace and joy.


However, he makes one fatal mistake: he leaves the castle with his violin and his princess to visit his village again. He breaks the boundary between his world and the devil's world. He loses his violin, his princess and his happiness forever. The devil takes him away to hell. (Marche triomphale du diable / The Devil's Triumphal March).


The story of Histoire du Soldat is full of dramatic elements and themes that resonate with audiences of all times and places. Some of these are:



  • The conflict between good and evil, represented by the soldier and the devil.



  • The temptation of material wealth and power, represented by the book.



  • The value of spiritual and artistic wealth, represented by the violin.



  • The importance of freedom, happiness, love, art and faith, represented by the soldier's home, his fiancee, his mother, his violin and his St. Joseph medallion.



  • The consequences of choices and actions, represented by the soldier's deal, his return, his cure and his departure.



  • The role of fate and destiny, represented by the book's predictions and the devil's tricks.



The Reception and Legacy of Histoire du Soldat




Histoire du Soldat was not a success at its premiere. The audience was confused by the unconventional form and style of the work. The critics were divided in their opinions. Some praised Stravinsky's originality and innovation, while others criticized his departure from his previous ballets. The work was also overshadowed by the end of World War I and the Spanish flu pandemic.


However, Histoire du Soldat gradually gained recognition and popularity over time. It was performed in various countries and languages, with different adaptations and variations. It inspired other composers, directors and artists to create their own versions or works based on it. Some examples are:



  • Leonard Bernstein's A Soldier's Story (1955), a jazz adaptation with a black cast.



  • Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five (1969), a novel that references Histoire du Soldat as a metaphor for war.



  • Michael Tilson Thomas's The Soldier's Tale (1981), a film version with Max von Sydow as the narrator.



  • Wynton Marsalis's A Fiddler's Tale (1998), a jazz adaptation with a female protagonist.



  • Robert Lepage's The Andersen Project (2005), a multimedia theater piece that incorporates elements from Histoire du Soldat.



Histoire du Soldat is also considered one of Stravinsky's most significant and influential works. It marks a turning point in his musical development, from his Russian period to his neoclassical period. It showcases his mastery of musical forms, styles and techniques. It demonstrates his ability to create a powerful musical drama with minimal means. It reflects his personal and artistic response to the historical and cultural context of his time.


Conclusion




In conclusion, Stravinsky's Histoire du Soldat Score PDF 21 is a masterpiece of modern music that deserves to be heard and appreciated by anyone who loves music, theater, dance or literature. It is a work that combines music, theater, dance and narration in a captivating story of a soldier who trades his violin for a book of wealth and power. It is a work that explores the historical context, the musical structure and style, the dramatic elements and themes, and the reception and legacy of this groundbreaking work.


If you are interested in listening to or watching Histoire du Soldat, you can find many recordings and videos online or in your local library or bookstore. You can also look for live performances in your area or nearby cities. You will not regret experiencing this amazing work of art.


FAQs





  • What does PDF 21 mean in the title of the score?



PDF 21 stands for Public Domain Free 21st Century Edition. It means that this edition of the score is free to download and use for anyone in the 21st century. It is based on the original score published by J. & W. Chester in 1924, which is now in the public domain in most countries.


  • Where can I find a free PDF download of the score?



You can find a free PDF download of the score at IMSLP: Free Sheet Music PDF Download. This is a website that provides free access to public domain music scores. You can search for Stravinsky's Histoire du Soldat and choose the edition you prefer. You can also find other information and resources about the work on this website.


  • How long is Histoire du Soldat?



Histoire du Soldat is about an hour long, depending on the tempo and the cuts made by the performers. It consists of two parts, each with eight movements. The movements alternate between instrumental pieces and scenes with narration and dialogue.


  • Who wrote the libretto for Histoire du Soldat?



The libretto for Histoire du Soldat was written by Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz, a Swiss writer who was a friend and collaborator of Stravinsky. He wrote the libretto in French, based on Russian folk tales that Stravinsky suggested to him. He also translated Stravinsky's vocal works into French.


  • What are some other works by Stravinsky that are similar to Histoire du Soldat?



Some other works by Stravinsky that are similar to Histoire du Soldat are:


  • Ragtime (1918), a short piece for 11 instruments that uses ragtime rhythms and melodies.



  • L'Oiseau de feu (The Firebird) (1910), a ballet based on a Russian fairy tale about a magical bird.



  • Petrouchka (1911), a ballet about a puppet who comes to life and falls in love with another puppet.



  • Le Sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring) (1913), a ballet about a pagan ritual of sacrifice in ancient Russia.



  • Pulcinella (1920), a ballet based on an 18th-century Italian comedy about a mischievous character.



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